Chickens are marvelous birds that are so productive; they’ve become an integral part of our society. We use these birds for show, as pets, and for meat and egg production. Egg production is a
massive commercial business, and is growing into a personal experience for many who choose to raise their own chickens for eggs. You may want to know how a chicken lays eggs and how many eggs does a chicken lay?
Few stop to think about how a chicken produces eggs, we simply purchase them in a neat carton at the grocery store. If we raise them ourselves, we merely collect them from the nesting box
without as much as a second thought. Yet, a lot goes into laying an egg, and chickens are constantly doing it!
How many eggs do chickens lay a day?
For starters, all-female chickens lay eggs, but some hens lay more than others. Interestingly enough, chickens have one ovary, and one oviduct, unlike other animals that have two. The entire
egg, except the yolk, is formed in the oviduct. When ovulation takes place, the yoke is released and placed into the hen’s abdomen. Once in the abdomen, the egg enters the oviduct, and rapidly enters the magnum section. In the magnum section, the shape of the egg is determined.
It’s in the uterus that the shell is added; the shell is mostly made of calcium carbonate. From there, it takes 20 hours for the shell to form. During this time, there is another egg waiting in the wings to be deposited. In other words, chickens are constantly laying eggs! Once the pigment is determined (in the last hours of formation) the egg is deposited through the oviduct small end first, and out the chicken large end first. The egg may fill the shell when it is laid, but shortly after it will form an air pocket between the egg and the membrane.
A chicken can lay only one egg in a day and will have some days when it does not lay an egg at all. The reasons for this laying schedule relate to the hen reproductive system. A hen’s body begins forming an egg shortly after the previous egg is laid, and it takes 26 hours for an egg to form fully.
If you don’t have a rooster, then don’t expect any of your eggs to be fertilized. However your hens will behave the same whether or not the eggs are fertilized, and this is called, “brooding.” When a hen broods, she will sit on her eggs for an extended period of time, causing them to deteriorate faster. You can prevent this, as well as the occasional grumpiness when you try to remove the eggs from the nest, by regularly removing the eggs on a daily basis if possible.
Don’t be alarmed if your chicken lays smaller eggs with brittle shells at first, as this usually happens when a chicken first starts to lay eggs. Also, there may be a drop of blood on the shell of the egg, but this is also nothing to worry about. If you see more than a drop of blood on the eggs of a particular chicken, then take them to the vet for a clinical visit.
You can tell if a chicken will lay a good production of eggs by the space between their pubic bones. If there is a two-finger space, then your chicken will most likely lay a good amount of eggs
(one a day is not uncommon). Hens that may not lay as well will have little to no space between their pubic bones. Traditionally, good egg layers will have yellow or white skin pigment as well.
Factors that affect the number of eggs a chicken will lay.
What is thought to be normal “chicken egg laying” for your hens will also rely on upon the age of your chickens. Remember that most hens will lay the most eggs they will ever lay amid their first year or two of laying.
As your hens get more seasoned, they will lay fewer eggs and they will not lay eggs as reliably as they did when they were more youthful. In any case, the other side of this is that more established hens typically lay large, better quality eggs. More established hens are also less inclined to get diseases than more youthful hens.
– Timing and weather
Chicken egg laying is subject to the season of year and the weather. All chickens will lay more eggs and will lay all the more reliably amid warmer weather and the more extended days that accompanied it. Amid the cool winter months and amid times of outrageous heat don’t be astounded in the event that you don’t get any eggs at all. At best, egg laying will be sporadic and you will just get an egg all over. This is splendidly normal and there is usually nothing amiss with your chickens. Shedding can also cause your chickens to lay fewer eggs than normal.
– Weight of the chicken
The number of eggs your chickens lay is also heavily reliant on how healthy your chickens are. On the off chance that your hens encounter a serious drop underway without warning, at that point something may not be right with them. Assess the legs and feet of your chickens carefully for scales that are raised or swollen because bugs could be your issue. In the event that you see that your chickens are shedding (losing a considerable measure of feathers)
Regardless of the possibility that you have breeds that are thought to be laying chickens, they will not lay in the event that they are kept in an area that is excessively swarmed or an area that is not clean. You may have to manufacture additional chicken coops and chicken runs with the goal that you can part up your rush. Also, keep your chicken coop and keep running as clean as conceivable to keep chicken health issues from happening and to keep your rush happy.
by Miriam Rolling – poultry farmer